Military History

Blogging about the Battlefield since 2005

Posted by William Young on February 12, 2013

International History

Readings in the Military History of
the Thirty Years War (1618-1648)

Map of 30 Years War (1)The Thirty Years War involving the Holy Roman Empire (Germany) and most of Europe continues to intrigue students, scholars, and general readers.  The conflict began in 1618 with the Protestant Bohemian nobles rebelling against the Catholic King Ferdinand, later Emperor Ferdinand II (1619-1637).  The rebels sought to replace Ferdinand by electing Frederick V, a Calvinist and Elector of the Rhine Palatinate, to the Bohemian crown.  But the rebels were defeated by the armies of Ferdinand II and the Catholic League at the battle of White Mountain (1620).  In 1621, Spain and the Dutch Republic, after the Twelve Year Truce (1609-1621), renewed their fight in the Low Countries and German Rhineland.  Before long the Imperial, Catholic League, and Spanish armies occupied the Palatinate, forcing Frederick V to flee to the Dutch Republic.  In 1625, the Lutheran Christian IV of Denmark (who was also the Duke of Holstein) intervened in the German crisis.  Imperial and Catholic…

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