The Great Siege of Gibraltar 1779-1783
Posted by William Young on October 25, 2012
René Chartrand. Gibraltar, 1779-83: The Great Siege. Campaign series. Illustrated by Patrice Courcelle. Botley, England: Osprey, 2006. ISBN 978-1-84176-977-6. Chronology. Illustrations. Photos. Maps. Bibliography. Index. Pp. 96. $19.95.
James Falkner. Fire over the Rock: The Great Siege of Gibraltar, 1779-1783. Barnsley, England: Pen and Sword Military, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84415-915-4. Chronology. Illustrations. Maps. Appendices. Notes. Bibliography. Index. Pp. xix, 168. $39.99.
Britain captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713/14). The Peace of Utrecht (1713) confirmed Britain’s control of Gibraltar. Britain defended and kept Gibraltar during the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-1720), Anglo-Spanish War of 1727-1729, War of Jenkins’ Ear (1739-1748) and the Anglo-Spanish conflict during the latter part of the Seven Years War (1756-1763). Then, in the midst of the American War of Independence (1775-1783), Spain allied with France against Britain in the Convention of Aranjuez (April 1779). Spain, under King Carlos III, subsequently…
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